To accelerate the spirit of growing new investment in shrimp farming and provide security assurance in conducting the aquaculture business, it is therefore necessary to make scientific-based spatial arrangement, simplification of licensing both at the central and local level as well as regulation uniformity and its implementation in the regions. Given the constant complaints to date, the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment (Kemenkomarves) and the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) are expected to have licensing desk/hotline ready to receive any complaints/clarifications of questions related to shrimp farming licensing and coordinate in resolving various issues of licensing with the relevant institutions both at the central and local level.
The central and local government through the state budget (APBN) and local government budget (APBD) schemes need to prioritize support for the aquaculture infrastructure development at the existing shrimp farming center with the aim to achieve production target faster and easier. These infrastructure developments include irrigation channels, collective wastewater treatment plants, roads, laboratories, and electricity. Furthermore, given the dynamic geopolitical map, Indonesia is expected to provide qualified broodstock independently that meet the needs of national shrimp farming. In backyard hatchery, it requires Nauplius multiplication centers and is supported by phytoplankton production centers to ensure disease-free shrimp farming business.
Considering the new shrimp farm expansion is sensitive towards the issue of environmental change and degradation, it is therefore essential to conduct this program carefully and taking into account the social and environmental factors. In an attempt to meet the shrimp production target, the government is expected to prioritize the revitalization program of traditional shrimp farms or improving the technology from traditional system to semi-intensive. It is necessary to increase the productivity of all types of farms by using qualified shrimp larvae, improvement of technology, irrigation, disease control, etc. The revitalization of traditional shrimp farms will involve small communities and can drive the economy. To make it possible, the government together with farmer group need to develop a pilot project to increase traditional shrimp farm productivity and also to transform traditional shrimp farm into environmentally-friendly semi-intensive farms.
The government is expected to take into account the environmental aspect, food safety, and the sustainability of the shrimp farming business. There should be regulations put in place that require Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) implementation of sustainable shrimp farming at each level of farming technology. It includes the obligation to have its wastewater treatment plant (owned or collectively used), and biosecurity implementation is mandatory. The Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment (Kemenkomarves), Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP), and Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) are expected to set the agreed gold standard concerning the shrimp farm environment. In addition, to meet the buying countries requirements, the government needs to facilitate the shrimp farmer to get certified by IndoGAP as well as preparing a traceability system in place.
There is a need to increase the export value from the shrimp products through diversification of value-added products such as ready-to-cook and ready-to-eat as those are high in demand. To increase the competitiveness of Indonesian shrimp in the global market, the government needs to cooperate with related stakeholders to develop the branding of Indonesian shrimp. The development of the non-USA market is a must and can be done through promotion and exhibition so that Indonesia is expected to be the largest shrimp exporter in the world.
The government needs to encourage the Bank of Indonesia (BI), the Financial Service Authority (OJK), and other financial institutions to lower the risk level of shrimp farming business with the aim that the productive assets of the shrimp farm can be considered as collateral so that the shrimp farmer may obtain financial support from the financial institutions. The government also needs to provide loans with low-interest rates to the small shrimp farmers through People’s Business Credit (KUR) scheme which involves private fintech or other schemes.